KARL STEFANOVIC: Joining us is Foreign Minister Julie Bishop live from Canberra. Good morning to you. A terrible situation for Canada this morning in Ottawa?

JULIE BISHOP: This is very grim news. It's shocking indeed that Canadian armed forces have been under attack in Canada. This is the second shooting of defence personnel in the last couple of days. This one occurred at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier where a Canadian armed forces guard was standing and then later there was a gunman shot in Parliament House, indeed in the Hall of Honour where Prime Minister Abbott met Prime Minister Harper not so long ago during his visit in June.

I did contact Foreign Minister John Baird about 4am Canberra time this morning and he was inside Parliament House. It was still in lockdown. He said that he had been about 50 feet away from the shooting of the gunman and we don't know whether the gunman is the same one that killed the soldier at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier but nevertheless he was close by. They were in lockdown, they were safe but very shaken by this violent incident.

KARL STEFANOVIC: The pictures emerging from inside there are truly frightening. Also of the parliamentarians, as you say, who have ended up barricading themselves inside the hall therewith chairs to try to stop anybody from getting inside. Any further dialogue with him this morning – that's the photo there – any further dialogue with Canada at this point? Is there anything to indicate it is terror related?

JULIE BISHOP: It has the hallmarks of a terrorist attack because the attacks have been on the War Memorial and on Parliament House and these are both targets that terrorist organisations have indicated in the past would be the subject of attack, but it is too early to say. It's too early to make any connection with the previous attacks in Quebec, but I know that the authorities are investigating this very closely.

I have just spoken to our High Commissioner in Ottawa, indeed our High Commission is just two blocks away from Parliament Hill, you can actually see Parliament House from our embassy. All our staff are safe. They have been inside the cordoned-off area but in the last few minutes they have been allowed to leave on foot. There is no traffic in the area, the police and the security agencies took control of the area very quickly and as you say Parliament was in lockdown but I understand that all Australian Embassy staff are safe.

KARL STEFANOVIC: That is some good news coming out of there this morning. Just back home, in terms of patrols around Parliament House in Canberra and also around the Canadian High Commission in Canberra, have there been increased patrols? Can you give any more information on that?

JULIE BISHOP: You will be aware that on advice from the security agencies we have recently raised the general threat level from medium to high in Australia. There have been increased security measures around Parliament House and we have taken steps to ensure that our institutions are protected. The highest priority for this Government is the protection of Australian citizens and we are doing all we can to ensure that Australians are safe in this country.

KARL STEFANOVIC: This is another reminder too about security. Ottawa as you know is a small capital, tranquil, a beautiful place where you don't expect heavy security but it is another reminder of how far and wide this is stretching and the need to be so vigilant at home. Are we prepared, or as prepared as we can be, for this style of attack?

JULIE BISHOP: We of course must always be vigilant. We put out warnings in our travel advices about the risks of travelling overseas and about heightened terrorist alerts in various parts of the world and we do urge Australians travelling overseas to take care. In fact we have a Smartraveller website, which provides the details of the threat and security situation in any country at any particular time. Of course on our Canadian Smartraveller website, on our travel advice we have indicated that there has been this incident and for people to take care in Ottawa.

But as you say, Canada is a wonderful peace-loving country. We are great friends with Canada, we share a political and economic and historic relationship and we are great mates with our friends in Canada and our thoughts are with all of the parliamentarians and all of the people of Ottawa at this time.

KARL STEFANOVIC: We certainly stand by them this morning as we always have done so. I just wonder further to all of this, how are we going to stop teens looking at this, what has happened in Canada, like this Abdullah Elmir, the 17-year-oldfrom Sydney. It's hard to keep your eye on every wayward teenager, isn't it, and this is obviously going to get very real for him at some point you would think but how we stop that from happening?

JULIE BISHOP: We must reach out to community groups, to religious leaders, to parents, to schools to ensure that young people understand that this is not only against the law, they are putting their lives at risk, this is an appalling path upon which they might embark and that they should not join these terrorist organisations, they must not join them. We are doing all we can to prevent people from travelling overseas to take up arms with these brutal terrorist organisations like ISIL or Da’esh as it's called in Iraq and a number of Australians have been killed fighting for these terrorist organisations. We are doing all we can to cancel passports, from people who are planning to go overseas, so that we can work with them back here in Australia. We are cancelling passports of people who are overseas wanting to come back to Australia.

I have just returned from Baghdad where a number of bombs went off overnight in Baghdad city, itself killing about 25 or 30people while I was there. So this is a very dangerous situation both in Iraq and Syria. Terrorism does pose a threat not only in the region but globally and the events in Canada over the last couple of days remind us that violence can take place at anytime and anywhere.

KARL STEFANOVIC: You are one hundred per cent right about that. A couple of quick ones before you go, I know you are very busy this morning, we appreciate your time again. When will our 200 military personnel be deployed to help the Iraqi Government?

JULIE BISHOP: I reached an agreement with the Iraqi Government to provide the legal framework so our Special Forces can be deployed to Iraq to advise and train and assist the Iraqi Defence Forces. I won't be going into details as to when they will be deployed, that's obviously an operational matter and one doesn't highlight this kind of detail, given that they are going into a very dangerous conflict situation.

But we have some of the most professional special forces, if not the best in the world, and they are very much in demand for their expertise and the Iraqi Government is very grateful, expressed deep gratitude to the Australian people for sending our Special Forces to provide them with the assistance that they need so that they can take back their territory and combat these brutal medieval murderous terrorist organisations that have taken hold of part of their country.

KARL STEFANOVIC: Finally, have you got any more information on this Australian light aircraft that was forced to land after it entered Indonesian air space without permission? Any further information as to what might happen to the pair?

JULIE BISHOP: No, we are getting details from our mission in Jakarta. It was a civilian aircraft, we have details but no specific details as to what the Indonesian authorities intend to do. I understand it was an incursion into Indonesian airspace and they were taken into detention. But we haven't got any further details at this time and I will be getting a briefing from our mission.

KARL STEFANOVIC: You were coming on this morning to talk about a launch oaf new travel insurance guide too – things obviously overtaking that this morning, that's your portfolio, that's the world at the moment – but it is worth a reminder to people?

JULIE BISHOP: Well it is indeed. We are launching the Choice Travel Insurance Buyer's Guide. It will be on our website – smartraveller.gov.au – and the message is if you can't afford travel insurance you can't afford to travel overseas. We urge all Australians travelling overseas to take out comprehensive travel insurance otherwise you might find yourself with significant medical bills or hospital bills if something should happen to you, and when you take out travel insurance make sure you take out the right insurance that covers the activities you're likely to be undertaking. That's the message for the day.

KARL STEFANOVIC: Vladimir Putin will need that travel insurance when they come to Australia isn't he, if he confronts you?

JULIE BISHOP: I had a very constructive conversation with President Putin in Milan recently and I did make quite clear to him that we had concerns about Russia's involvement in Ukraine and concerns that we have access to the MH17crash site as soon as possible so that we can ensure that we have gathered all the remains and belongings that may be there. With winter coming on, it is urgent we do that. We also seek Russia's fullest cooperation for the independent investigation into the causes of the MH17 shooting down and helping us find those responsible for it.

KARL STEFANOVIC: There was a lotto get through today. Foreign Minister, we appreciate your time as always. Thank you.

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