- The Hon John Kerin AM FTSE, Chairman of the Crawford Fund (John – thanks for your welcome)
- The Hon Neil Andrew MP (former Speaker)
- The Hon John Anderson AO, Former Deputy Prime Minister and leader of the National Party
- Ms Sallyanne Atkinson AO, Former Lord Mayor of Brisbane and special representative for the Queensland Government in Southeast Asia
- The Hon Margaret Reid AO, Former President of the Australian Council for International Development
I'm glad to be here to open this conference on the Fund's 25th anniversary.
I just got back from the United Nations General Assembly in New York.
Food security was of course of concern.
Around one in seven people in the world lack sufficient food – one billion people.
The world must find a way to feed not only these people, but also the two billion more to be added to the world's population by 2050.
Recent crises in Africa show we have a long way to go.
Over 18 million people are at risk of food insecurity in the Sahel region of West Africa (in Niger, Mauritania, Chad, Mali, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Cameroon, Nigeria and The Gambia).
And more than one million children are at risk of severe, acute malnutrition.
- That means stunting.
- That means learning disabilities.
- It means premature deaths.
In the Horn of Africa, some 16 million people in Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Djibouti and Rwanda don't have a reliable supply of food.
Our response will require a suite of measures
A great part of the challenge is how to better manage our resources.
Improving food security globally will require a suite of measures.
It's about aid, trade, investment and governance.
Our support for women is particularly important.
Most food is consumed where it is produced and it is produced by smallholders.
And most smallholder farmers are women.
At the recent United Nations General Assembly Hillary Clinton emphasised this:
"We must be focused on supporting women in agriculture, because women often do the work at every link of the agricultural chain: They grow the food, they store it, they sell it, and prepare it. So we must ensure that women get the support they need if we are serious about improving food security."
Women make up 43 per cent of the agricultural work force worldwide.
And as much as 70 per cent in some countries.
Often working longer hours than men, rural women are also the caregivers who look after children, the elderly and the sick.
Many rural women are small business entrepreneurs and investors who dedicate most of their earnings to their families and societies.
So that's one thing we have to think about in any effort to feed the hungry.
Women bear the greatest burden of food insecurity – but they also offer an important part of the solution.
Our aid program is working to address this.
We have just established the first African office of the Australian International Food Security Centre – in Nairobi, Kenya.
The new Centre is going to help Africans go from a reliance on emergency food aid, to building a viable, smallholder farming sector.
With a majority of smallholder farmers being women, this work will focus on them.
It's going to deliver research projects across eight countries in the south-eastern Africa region – Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
These are among the worst in Africa when it comes to accessingreliable sources of food.
I'm drawn to the simple, smart approaches, and the long-term view here.
We are running a project to get farmers to grow trees on their farms.
Crop yields can be doubled and livestock have better access to food, if the right trees are planted and managed in the right way.
- This is already working through an Australian supported program in West Africa.
- By planting the right trees, grazing animals can make it through the sometimes eight month long dry season, feeding on leaves.
We are looking at ways to set up irrigation systems – getting reliable water into these parts of Africa will unlock agricultural potential.
We are looking at integrated farming – vegetable, poultry and cropping.
We have our own history of environmental challenges, insights into irrigation, into how to get the best out of our landscapes, sometimes learned the hard way.
We are in a strong position to lead on this.
Doing great research, sharing it, applying it – that's what John Crawford was about.
That's what will allow us to better manage our resources, build agricultural capacity.
And ultimately, make sure everyone has enough to eat.
It's my pleasure to open your 2012 Conference.
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